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The Spanish Grammar, by Miguel
New Edition

  The Nouns
  The Adjectives
  The Time
  The Date
  The Pronouns
  Direct/Indirect Pronouns
  Demonstrative Pronouns
  Relative Pronous
  Reflexive pronouns
  Possessive Pronouns
  The Adverbs
  Degree of Adverbs
  Regular Verbs
  Irregular Verbs
  Stem-Changing Verbs
  The Progressive


They are variable parts of the oration that accompany the name to say us his gender and his number. They can be masculine or feminine, and number plural or singular.


The article is the determinant more used and always goes before the noun. As in English we cannot say "boy is good", in Spanish we can either say "niño es bueno".

Exist two types of articles, definite or indefinite exist.


 Masculine Femenine 


 Masculine Femenine 
  dog chair
  books words

The used article must have the same gender and number that the noun which it accompanies.

Los perros.
La casa.

There are exceptions to that rule:

el problema, el turista, el esquema, el tema, la radio...

The feminine nouns that begin with marked a are constructed with the masculine article for the singular, and the feminine one for the plural.

el hacha (las hachas), el agua (las aguas), el alma (las almas).

In addition to the previous ones, the neutral form exists: lo. (lo bueno es para mí/ the good is to me).

Contractions of articles in Spanish:

a + el = al
El joven va al (a + el) concierto./The young goes to the concert.

de + el = del
Este libro es del niño./This book is of the boy.

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