In Spanish, the world is divided into three groups (not two like English) este/estos/... (with plurals and accented forms), which refer to things close to a speaker, ese/esos/..., which refer to things close or relating to a person spoken to, and aquel/aquellos/..., which refer to things far from both.
The only difference between the demonstrative adjectives and pronouns is that the demonstrative pronouns have a written accent over the e: éste, ése, aquél, etc.
|cuadro29|| || || |
|éstos||éstas|| ||these (ones)|
|ésos||ésas|| ||those (ones)|
|aquél||aquélla||aquello||that (one) (over there)|
|aquéllos||aquéllas|| ||those (ones) (over there)|
The neuter demonstrative pronouns have no number, no gender, and no written accent. They are used when there is no specific reference to a noun:
Me gusta esto/I like this.
Ésta es la casa que me gusta/This one is the house that I like.
Other demonstrative pronouns:
¿Por qué has hecho tal cosa?/Why have you done such a thing?
Ninguno de ellos quiere come./None of them want to eat.