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The Spanish Grammar, by Miguel
New Edition

  The Nouns
  The Adjectives
  The Time
  The Date
  The Pronouns
  Direct/Indirect Pronouns
  Demonstrative Pronouns
  Relative Pronous
  Reflexive pronouns
  Possessive Pronouns
  The Adverbs
  Degree of Adverbs
  Regular Verbs
  Irregular Verbs
  Stem-Changing Verbs
  The Progressive


There is not a big difference between Spanish and English demonstratives uses.
In Spanish, we say "this" and "that," meaning "that over there." This form is used when the object is more than just a short distance away. Here are the three forms for "this" "that" and "that one over there."

este/this; ese/that; aquel/that over there.

Este coche es nuevo./This car is new.
Ese libro es blanco./That book is white.
Aquella torre is muy grande./That (over there) tower is very big.

It's used in singular and plural, masculine and feminine, depending on the their noun.

 Singular Plural 
Medium distanceeseesaesosesas
 that over therethat over therethose over therethose over there

Each demonstrative pronoun also has a neuter form:
esto/(this matter, this thing); eso/(that matter, that thing); aquello/(that matter/thing over there).

¡Eso es increible!/That's incredible! (that matter).
Aquello está frío./That is cold (that thing).

In Spanish, the only difference between demonstrative pronouns and demonstrative adjectives is that demonstrative pronouns have a written accent.
That difference doesn't exist in English:

Este coche es caro./This car is expensive.
Éste es un coche caro.(éste=este coche)/This is an expensive car.

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